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5 Most-Common Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer

Good nutrition and regular physical activity are a big part of living a healthy lifestyle. But being informed is just as important — especially when it comes to prostate cancer. As part of prostate cancer awareness month, it’s our goal to ensure that men across Canada are doing all they can to stay free of this disease.

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is the most-common form of cancer among Canadian males, impacting one out of every seven men.[i] It strikes the prostate, a walnut-sized gland just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The prostate’s main function is to produce mucus and prostatic fluid which combine with sperm to create semen.[ii]

Prostate cancer occurs when a man’s prostate cells no longer function in a healthy manner. This often results in uncontrolled growth and abnormal structure, becoming more invasive over time. If left untreated, the cancer can spread to other parts of the body. This form of cancer is slow-moving in some men, making it possible for them to be unaware they have the disease for a significant amount of time. Although it doesn’t always spread quickly, it can have very serious consequences if left untreated.[iii]

[i] Prostate Cancer Canada

Available: https://www.prostatecancer.ca/Prostate-Cancer/About-Prostate-Cancer/Prostate-Cancer. Accessed: [2019-09-15].

[ii] Canadian Cancer Society

Available: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/prostate/prostate-cancer/?region=on.

Accessed: [2019-09-15].

[iii] Prostate Cancer Canada

Available: https://www.prostatecancer.ca/Prostate-Cancer/About-Prostate-Cancer/Prostate-Cancer.

Accessed: [2019-09-15].

The 5 Main Risk Factors

Being over the age of 50 automatically increases your risk of developing the disease. And that risk continues to increase with age. Although most men who are diagnosed are over the age of 65, having regular PSA screenings is very important once you hit 50.

Having a family history of prostate cancer is a warning sign. Any man whose father or brothers have been diagnosed, should ensure he is screened regularly, even if he’s under 50.

Men whose ancestry can be traced back to Africa or the Caribbean are at an increased risk for prostate cancer. Researchers have yet to determine why prostate cancer is more prevalent among black men, but advise regular screening as a precaution.[i]

Being overweight or having poor eating habits can also be a contributing factor. Carrying extra pounds and low-fibre, high-fat diets can increase your risk of prostate cancer.

Smoking is another behaviour that may be tied to cancer of the prostate. Preliminary research has revealed there could be a correlation between the two. Even if it’s not a major contributing factor, it has been proven that smokers are more likely to develop heart disease or lung cancer.[ii]

[i] Prostate Cancer Canada

Available: https://www.prostatecancer.ca/Prostate-Cancer/Care-and-Support-Post-Treatment/Black-Men-Prostate-Cancer. Accessed: [2019-09-15]

[ii] Prostate Cancer Canada

Available: https://www.prostatecancer.ca/Support/Healthy-Living-Tips/Healthy-Living-Tips-Archive/Are-you-at-Risk-of-Developing-Prostate-Cancer. Accessed: [2019-09-15].

Preventing Prostate Cancer 

The best thing any man can do to decrease his chances of being diagnosed is to receive regular screenings as recommended by his doctor.

But preventative measures shouldn’t end there. Avoid smoking or inhaling second-hand smoke at all costs. A healthy diet and exercise are also important. A well-balanced diet means eating more fruits and vegetables and eliminating processed foods, fast food and items that are high in saturated fat.

Staying active is also a big part of staying healthy. Incorporating 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous activity into your week is the minimum recommended activity level. Even if you aren’t able to exercise for 30 minutes at a time, interjecting three 10-minute activity sessions throughout your day is still effective.[i]

[i] Prostate Cancer Canada

Available: https://www.prostatecancer.ca/Prostate-Cancer/Care-and-Support-Post-Treatment/Healthy-Living/Physical-Activity/Exercise-Tips/Physical-Activity-101. Accessed: [2019-09-15].

Kenron Compounding Pharmacy 

Welcome to Kenron Compounding Pharmacy in Calgary. Our goal is to help all our customers live the healthiest lifestyles possible. We specialize in compounding and supplements, enabling us to offer innovative health solutions based on individual needs. We take a consultative approach at both of our Calgary locations. Get in touch with us if you wish to book a personal consultation.

Prostate cancer is the most-common form of cancer among Canadian males, impacting one out of every seven men.

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